Rahnev DA, Maniscalco B, Graves T, Huang E, de Lange F, Lau H (2011) Attention induces conservative subjective bias in visual perception. Nature Neuroscience. 14(12):1513-5

Lau H, Rosenthal D. (2011) Empirical support for higher-order theories of conscious awareness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15(8):365-7

Lau H, Rosenthal D (2011) The higher-order view does not require consciously self-directed introspection: response to Malach. Trends in Cognitive Science. 15(11):508-9.

Lau H, Maniscalco B (2010) Should confidence be trusted? Science 329(5998):1478-9

Passingham RE, Bengtsson SL, Lau HC (2009) Medial frontal cortex: from self-generated action to reflection on one's own performance. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14(1):16-21

Mobbs D, Lau HC, Jones O, Frith CD (2007) Law, Responsibility and the Brain. PLOS Biology 5(4):e103

Pessiglione M, Schmidt L, Draganski B, Kalisch R, Lau HC, Dolan R, Frith C (2007) How the brain translates money into force: a neurimaging study of subliminal motivation. Science 316(5826):904-6

Lau HC, Passingham RE (2006) Relative Blindsight in Normal Observers and the Neural Correlate of Visual Consciousness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 103(49):18763-8

Lau HC, Rogers RD, Haggard P, Passingham RE (2004) Attention to Intention. Science 303(5661):1208-1

Actually Representative Publications

Rahnev, D, Koizumi, A, McCurdy, LY, D'Esposito, M, & Lau, H (2015). Confidence Leak in Perceptual Decision Making. Psychological Science, doi:10.1177/0956797615595037.

McCurdy LY, Maniscalco B, Metcalfe J, Liu KY, de Lange F, Lau H (2013) Anatomical coupling between distinct metacognitive systems for memory and visual perception. Journal of Neuroscience 33(5):1897-906

Ko YD, Lau H (2012) A detection theoretic explanation of blindsight suggests a link between conscious perception and metacognition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 367(1594):1401-11

Rahnev DA, Maniscalco B, Graves T, Huang E, de Lange F, Lau H (2011) Attention induces conservative subjective bias in visual perception. Nature Neuroscience. 14(12):1513-5

Lau H, Rosenthal D. (2011) Empirical support for higher-order theories of conscious awareness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15(8):365-73

Lau HC (2008) Are we studying consciousness yet? Frontiers of Consciousness: Chichele Lectures Weiskrantz L & David M (Eds) Oxford UP 245-258

All Publications


Riddle, T., Lau, H., & Sparrow, S. (2015). Reporting on the temporal properties of visual events masked with continuous flash suppression. Consciousness & Cognition, 36, 154-168.

Rahnev, D., Koizumi, A., McCurdy, L.Y., D'Esposito, M., & Lau, H. (2015). Confidence Leak in Perceptual Decision Making. Psychological Science, doi:0.1177/0956797615595-037.

Grimaldi, P., Lau, H., & Basso, M.A. (2015). There are things that we know that we know, and there are things that we do not know we do not know: Confidence in decision-making. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 55, 88-97.

St. John-Saaltink, E., Utzerath, C., Kok, P., Lau, H.C., & de Lange, F.P. (2015). Expectation Suppression in Early Visual Cortex Depends on Task Set. PLoS ONE, 10(6), e0131172.

Koizumi, A., Maniscalco, B., & Lau, H. (2015). Does perceptual confidence facilitate cognitive control?. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77(4), 1295-1306.

Morales, J., Solovey, G., Maniscalco, B., Rahnev, D., de Lange, F.P., & Lau, H. (2015). Low attention impairs optimal incorporation of prior knowledge in perceptual decisions. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77, 2021-2036.

Fleming, S.M., Maniscalco, B., Ko, Y., Amendi, N., Ro, T., & Lau, H. (2015). Action-specific disruption of perceptual confidence. Psychological science, 26(1), 89-98.


Solovey, G., Graney, G.G., & Lau, H. (2014). A decisional account of subjective inflation of visual perception at the periphery. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 77(1), 258-271.

MBlock, N., Carmel, D., Fleming, S.M., Kentridge, R.W., Koch, C., Lamme, V.A.F., Lau, H., & Rosenthal, D. (2014). Consciousness science: real progress and lingering misconceptions. Trends in cognitive sciences, 18(11), 556-557.

Mylopoulos, M.I., & Lau, H. (2014). Naturalizing Free Will. In Surrounding Free Will: Philosophy, Psychology, Neuroscience, A.R. Mele, Ed. (123-144).

Maniscalco, B., & Lau, H. (2014). Signal Detection Theory Analysis of Type 1 and Type 2 Data: Meta-d′, Response-Specific Meta-d′, and the Unequal Variance SDT Model. In The Cognitive Neuroscience of Metacognition, S.M. Fleming & C.D. Frith, Eds. (25-66).


Fleming, S.M., & Lau, H. (2013). How to measure metacognition. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 8, 443.

Rahnev, D., Kok, P., Munneke, M., Bahdo, L., De Lange, F. P., & Lau, H. (2013). Continuous theta burst transcranial magnetic stimulation reduces resting state connectivity between visual areas. Journal of Neurophysiology. doi:10.1152/jn.00209.2013

de Lange, F. P., Rahnev, D. A., Donner, T. H., & Lau, H. (2013). Prestimulus oscillatory activity over motor cortex reflects perceptual expectations. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(4), 1400–1410. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1094-12.2013.

Haggard, P., & Lau, H. (2013). What is volition? Experimental Brain Research. doi:10.1007/s00221-013-3582-5

McCurdy, L. Y., Maniscalco, B., Metcalfe, J., Liu, K. Y., de Lange, F. P., & Lau, H. (2013). Anatomical Coupling between Distinct Metacognitive Systems for Memory and Visual Perception. Journal of Neuroscience, 33(5), 1897–1906. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1890-12.2013.


Kok, P., Rahnev, D., Jehee, J. F. M., Lau, H. C., de Lange, F. P., & Lange, F. P. D. (2012). Attention Reverses the Effect of Prediction in Silencing Sensory Signals. Cerebral Cortex, 22(9), 2197–2206. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhr310

Maniscalco, B., & Lau, H. (2012). A signal detection theoretic approach for estimating metacognitive sensitivity from confidence ratings. Consciousness and Cognition, 21, 422–430. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2011.09.021

Maniscalco, B., Bang, J. W., Iravani, L., Camps-Febrer, F., & Lau, H. (2012). Does response interference depend on the subjective visibility of flanker distractors? Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74(5), 841–851. doi:10.3758/s13414-012-0291-2

Rahnev, D., Bahdo, L., de Lange, F. P., & Lau, H. (2012). Prestimulus hemodynamic activity in dorsal attention network is negatively associated with decision confidence in visual perception. Journal of Neurophysiology, 108(5), 1529–1536. doi:10.1152/jn.00184.2012

Rahnev, D., Maniscalco, B., Luber, B., Lau, H., & Lisanby, S. H. (2012). Direct injection of noise to the visual cortex decreases accuracy but increases decision confidence. Journal of Neurophysiology, 107(6), 1556–1563. doi:10.1152/jn.00985.2011


Lau, H., & Rosenthal, D. (2011). Empirical support for higher-order theories of conscious awareness. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15(8), 365–373. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2011.05.009

Lou, H. C., Skewes, J. C., Thomsen, K. R., Overgaard, M., Lau, H. C., Mouridsen, K., & Roepstorff, A. (2011). Dopaminergic stimulation enhances confidence and accuracy in seeing rapidly presented words. Journal of Vision, 11(2), 1–6. doi:10.1167/11.2.15

Persaud, N., Davidson, M., Maniscalco, B., Mobbs, D., Passingham, R. E., Cowey, A., & Lau, H. (2011). Awareness-related activity in prefrontal and parietal cortices in blindsight reflects more than superior visual performance. NeuroImage, 58(2), 605–611. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.06.081

Rahnev, D. A., Huang, E., & Lau, H. (2011). Subliminal stimuli in the near absence of attention influence top-down cognitive control. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics, 74(3), 521–532. doi:10.3758/s13414-011-0246-z

Rahnev, D., Lau, H., & de Lange, F. P. (2011). Prior expectation modulates the interaction between sensory and prefrontal regions in the human brain. Journal of Neuroscience, 31(29), 10741–10748. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1478-11.2011

Rahnev, D., Maniscalco, B., Graves, T., Huang, E., de Lange, F. P., & Lau, H. (2011). Attention induces conservative subjective biases in visual perception. Nature Neuroscience, 14(12), 1513–1515. doi:10.1038/nn.2948


Lau, H. (2010). Theoretical motivations for investigating the neural correlates of consciousness. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 2(1), 1–7. doi:10.1002/wcs.93

Lau, H., & Maniscalco, B. (2010). Should Confidence Be Trusted? Science, 329(5998), 1478–1479. doi:10.1126/science.1195983

Nikolov, S., Rahnev, D. A., & Lau, H. C. (2010). Probabilistic model of onset detection explains paradoxes in human time perception. Frontiers in Psychology, 1(September), 1–7. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00037

Passingham, R. E., Bengtsson, S. L., & Lau, H. C. (2010). Medial frontal cortex: from self-generated action to reflection on one's own performance. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14(1), 16–21. doi:10.1016/j.tics.2009.11.001

Rounis, E., Maniscalco, B., Rothwell, J. C., Passingham, R. E., & Lau, H. (2010). Theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation to the prefrontal cortex impairs metacognitive visual awareness. Cognitive Neuroscience, 1(3), 165–175. doi:10.1080/17588921003632529


Bengtsson, S. L., Lau, H. C., & Passingham, R. E. (2009). Motivation to do well enhances responses to errors and self-monitoring. Cerebral Cortex, 19(4), 797–804. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhn127


Lau, H. (2008). Are we studying consciousness yet? In L. Weiskrantz & M. Davies (Eds.), Frontiers of Consciousness (pp. 245–258). New York: Oxford University Press.

Lau, H. (2008). A higher order Bayesian decision theory of consciousness. (R. Banerjee & B. K. Chakrabarti, Eds.) Progress in Brain Research, 168, 35–48. doi:10.1016/S0079-6123(07)68004-2

Persaud, N., & Lau, H. (2008). Direct assessment of qualia in a blindsight participant. Consciousness and Cognition, 17(3), 1046–1049. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2007.10.001


Lau, H., & Passingham, R. E. (2007). Unconscious activation of the cognitive control system in the human prefrontal cortex. Journal of Neuroscience, 27(21), 5805–5811. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.4335-06.2007

Pessiglione, M., Schmidt, L., Draganski, B., Kalisch, R., Lau, H., Dolan, R. J., & Frith, C. D. (2007). How the brain translates money into force: a neuroimaging study of subliminal motivation. Science, 316(5826), 904–906. doi:10.1126/science.1140459

Lau, H., Rogers, R. D., & Passingham, R. E. (2007). Manipulating the experienced onset of intention after action execution. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 19(1), 81–90. doi:10.1162/jocn.2007.19.1.81

Mobbs, D., Lau, H. C., Jones, O. D., & Frith, C. D. (2007). Law, responsibility, and the brain. PLoS Biology, 5(4), e103. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio. 0050103

Lau, H. (2007). Should scientists think? Comment on Machado and Silva (2007). American Psychologist, 62(7), 686–8– discussion 689–91. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.62.7.686


Lau, H. C., & Passingham, R. E. (2006). Relative blindsight in normal observers and the neural correlate of visual consciousness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(49), 18763–18768. doi:10.1073/pnas.0607716103

Lau, H. C., Rogers, R. D., & Passingham, R. E. (2006). On measuring the perceived onsets of spontaneous actions. Journal of Neuroscience, 26(27), 7265–7271. doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1138-06.2006

Lau, H., Rogers, R. D., & Passingham, R. E. (2006). Dissociating response selection and conflict in the medial frontal surface. NeuroImage, 29(2), 446–451. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.07.050

Mobbs, D., Weiskopf, N., Lau, H. C., Featherstone, E., Dolan, R. J., & Frith, C. D. (2006). The Kuleshov Effect: the influence of contextual framing on emotional attributions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1(2), 95–106. doi:10.1093/scan/nsl014


Lau, H., Rogers, R. D., Haggard, P., & Passingham, R. E. (2004). Attention to Intention. Science, New Series, 303(5661), 1208–1210. doi:10.1126/science.1090973